Defining the Commons
From Peer Production and Commons Theory Course
The commons as an ancient paradigm of human generativity: anthropology, evolutionary sciences, Roman law, Magna Carta, English and European commons. [John Clippinger, Peter Linebaugh, Lewis Hyde]
Varieties of commons: natural resources, social systems, civic spaces, digital communities
The commons as a socio-economic mode of production that is neither governmental nor market-based – an activity that combines resource, community and social protocols to meet collective needs in a different way.
The Internet as a hosting infrastructure for digital commons (Internet history, design protocols, net neutrality).